Bernard “Bernie” Krause, USA, 1938.

Bernie Krause started his musical career at a young age, playing jazz and blues amongst others. Bernie later worked as a recording engineer while studying with Pauline Oliveros and Karlheinz Stockhausen at the University of Michigan.

As a musician and naturalist, Krause specialises in recording the sound of wilderness and non-human soundscapes, holding a Ph.D in bioacoustics from Cincinnati Union Institute and University. Since 1968 he has travelled the world recording all manner of natural soundscapes, creating a massive library. It was this work which led him to identify the concept of biophony, which links the specific sounds that animals and creatures make with a specific habitat.

Dr. Krause has released several books including Wild Soundscapes: Notes from the World (1996), Into a Wild Sanctuary (1998), Discovering the Voice of Natural World (2002), and The Great Animal Orchestra: Finding the Origins of Music in the World’s Wild Places (2012) which can all be found on his official website, Wild Sanctuary. His music features the sounds of the environment in which he works in an electroacoustic method, but he also composes with instruments.

Wild Sanctuary is a website-come archive which demonstrates all the work which has been undertaken by Dr. Krause himself, as well as colleagues and associates.

For a full range of Dr. Krause’s published and commercially released work, visit his his Wildstore. There is also a wildblog to keep up to date with developments.

An interview with Dr. Krause gives details of his views on soundscape composition, and more biographical information can be found on the Bowers & Wilkins website.

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Photo: KALW Local Public Radio. (2015). Bernie Krause. Retrieved from